I recently had to make a backup of a db I use internally and migrate it to a different server. Luckily, Mysql has built in tools to help you out.
This is a very simple way to do it. The man pages will have more information on advanced usage.
To backup the database:
- mysqldump dbname -u username -p > outputfilename.sql
I then scp'ed the dump over to my new machine, and then restored it with:
- mysql dbname -u username -p < outputfilename.sql